Pregnancy, Health

What Causes Skin Spots During Pregnancy and How Does It Heal?

What Causes Skin Spots During Pregnancy and How Does It Heal

Skin spots (hyperpigmentation) during pregnancy are one of the most common problems. Like many pregnant women, you may experience this problem. So what can you do against the increasing skin spots during pregnancy, what precautions can you take? Let's move on to our article!

What are skin spots (hyperpigmentation)?

The changes that occur with the darkening of the skin color are called spots. These spots on the skin are called hyperpigmentation.

The pigment called melanin can concentrate in some parts of our skin and cause color differences. As the skin secretes more melanin pigment while trying to repair this damage, the color change seen in the skin also increases. This condition is also known as “Skin darkening during pregnancy” among people.

What causes skin blemishes during pregnancy?

What causes skin blemishes during pregnancy

There may be many reasons behind the spotting on the face during pregnancy.

  • Genetic factors,
  • Sun,
  • Malnutrition,
  • Some drugs used for a long time before pregnancy (those used in rheumatism, thyroid, and migraine diseases) can cause skin spots.

In addition, even if no medication is used, the increased estrogen, progesterone, and chloasma hormone, which activates the pigments, cause an increase in hyperpigmentation. The skin becomes sensitive during this period.

Chloasma: Brown spots that appear later on sun-exposed areas of the skin.

When do skin spots start during pregnancy?

Hyperpigmentation (melasma), which is a common problem of almost many pregnant women, begins to occur after the first 2.5 months of pregnancy. Let's tell in which parts of the body hyperpigmentation is seen.

Skin darkening during pregnancy occurs especially in areas that are heavily exposed to ultraviolet rays. These;

  • One hundred,
  • Hard parts of the hands
  • Shoulder,
  • Back,
  • Décolleté area,
  • They are the outward-facing surfaces of the arms and legs.

How to prevent pregnancy spots?

What causes skin blemishes during pregnancy (2)
  • The biggest cause of skin problems; is hormones interact with the sun's UV rays. For this reason, you should pay attention to sunbathing hours during pregnancy and not start the day without using protective products.
  • You can use hyperpigmentation creams with a GKF (sun protection factor) of 15 or higher on all sun-exposed parts of your skin. These products do not completely remove stains, but they can prevent their formation.
  • The most important times to protect yourself from UV rays are between 11:00 in the morning and 16:30 in the afternoon, when the sun comes at a right angle. You can get the vitamin D you need at other times of the day.
  • Remember that UV rays are not only emitted by the sun. Artificial UV rays are also present in the lights reflected from the spotlights and computer screens. This means that even in a closed place, you should definitely use sunscreen products at the beginning of the day and renew them every 2.5-3 hours.
  • A hat that completely covers your face and long-sleeved clothing to protect your arms can also be helpful.

How do pregnancy spots go away?

During pregnancy, the color of freckles and skin moles may become darker and more pronounced. In areas where friction is high, such as between the legs, the skin may turn brown. That's why it's natural to wonder how skin darkening during pregnancy goes. However, all of these hyperpigmentation problems go away on their own after birth.

If you still can't get rid of pregnancy spots despite everything, the treatment methods that can be applied are:

  • Laser therapy,
  • Chemical peeling,
  • PRP treatment,
  • Stain mesotherapy.

What should be done for skin blemishes during pregnancy?

What should be done for skin blemishes during pregnancy
  • Skin spots should not be treated while pregnant. Pregnancy is an important period when you should pay attention to the drugs and cosmetic products you will use.
  • For stains that do not disappear, it is best to seek help from a specialist physician. You can use stain-lightening products from a trusted brand recommended by your doctor.
  • You should not choose spot-lightening products and skin-peeling applications such as peeling and laser in the winter months.
  • Insufficient protection of the skin from the sun and environmental factors after peeling applications in the summer may cause irreversible damage. Such cases are very common.
  • Surgical methods should not be your first choice for complaints about your skin. You can resort to surgical applications as a last resort for problems that you cannot solve with products.

Source:
What to Expect While Expecting Your Baby-Heidi E. Murkoff & Sharon Mazel

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