Pregnancy, Nutrition

What Causes the Problem of Acne During Pregnancy?

What Causes the Problem of Acne During Pregnancy

What causes acne during pregnancy, and how is it treated?  What kind of diet triggers acne formation?
We asked all the questions that stuck in your mind about the subject to the expert Dermatologist.

Does acne happen during pregnancy?

Yes, you can get acne due to hormonal fluctuations during pregnancy and various skin problems. We have discussed these problems below. By the way, "Do you get acne at the beginning of pregnancy?" Let's answer the question. Yes, the probability of this problem is much higher, especially in the first weeks of pregnancy.

Does acne only appear on the face? Since this period is a period in which hormonal imbalances are frequently experienced, the problem of acne on the face is more common during pregnancy. But these pimples can appear on the breasts and indeed the entire body.

What causes acne during pregnancy?

Hormonal fluctuations and imbalances in the body of the expectant mother during pregnancy cause more frequent and more acne breakouts than normal. Because during pregnancy, the sebaceous glands under the skin of the expectant mother produce more of the substance called sebum in this process.

The sebum produced more than normal combines with dead skin cells and clogs the skin pores of the expectant mother. Because of this, bacteria multiply rapidly under the skin and infection occurs. Acne occurs when the sebaceous glands produce more sebum than normal.

Especially;

  •  If the woman's skin is prone to acne during periods other than pregnancy,
  • If there is an acne or acne problem before menstruation, the problem of acne is much more common during pregnancy.

When does acne appear during pregnancy and when does it end?

The pregnancy period causes changes in all body systems and the general health status of the expectant mother. From the beginning of pregnancy, these changes are most clearly felt in the health of the digestive system and skin.

The hormonal order, which starts to change from the 8th week of pregnancy, may cause an increase in pre-existing acne in some expectant mothers, while in some it may cause non-normal acne. Very rarely, it is seen that the existing ones decrease.

Let's say who gets acne more during pregnancy:

  •  People whose skin is prone to acne before pregnancy,
  • In people whose hormonal order is very disturbed,
  • It is more common in those who have an unhealthy diet.

The number of women who do not experience this problem during pregnancy is certainly very small. Even those whose skin is not normally prone to acne sometimes get acne, especially on the face and belly areas during pregnancy.

what kind of nutrition triggers acne?

what kind of nutrition triggers acne

Whether or not acne occurs on the skin outside of pregnancy and during pregnancy depends on many factors. These;

  • Predisposition of the skin to acne,
  • Not giving the necessary importance to skin cleaning,
  • Unhealthy eating,
  • There may be periods of hormonal imbalances such as menstrual and pregnancy periods.

However, during pregnancy, when the skin is prone to acne, there are foods that increase this risk. In order to reduce acne breakouts during pregnancy, it is useful to know these foods and stay away from them.

Extremely spicy foods

Products containing hot pepper, red pepper, tomato, and spicy foods should be consumed less during pregnancy. There is no data that these foods directly cause acne. However, they can increase the redness caused by acne.

High sugar foods

It is known that sugary foods with a high glycemic index such as chocolate and candies trigger acne. In particular, processed sugar and products containing it are not only for those with acne but also for everyone.

Milk and milk products

Milk and dairy products are indispensable for a healthy diet. Especially if pregnancy is in question, milk and dairy products should be consumed regularly every day for both the development of the baby and the health of the expectant mother. However, unconscious and excessive consumption of these products during pregnancy can cause acne.

Processed foods

Processed foods, especially white bread and sugary snacks, quickly raise insulin levels, the hormone that stabilizes blood sugar. This situation not only triggers the problem of acne but also causes different skin and health problems.

What can be done to prevent acne during pregnancy?

What can be done to prevent acne during pregnancy

There are a few simple precautions that expectant mothers can take care of in order to prevent or at least reduce acne breakouts during pregnancy.

  •  At least 2 times a day, the face should be washed with products that will protect the moisture and pH balance of the skin. But not cold or hot when washing; Warm water and a mild soap should be used.
  •  The make-up routine should be lightened during pregnancy, women who wear make-up every day should stay away from foundations and concealers that completely cover the skin and prevent breathing.
  •  Pimples appearing on the face or any part of the body should never be squeezed and the skin should not be irritated.
  •  It is a fact that the dirt on the hair and hands also triggers the appearance of acne on the face. For this reason, the hair should definitely be washed with shampoo every two days, and even collected if possible so that it does not touch the face. Still, Hands should also be washed frequently.
  •  Oily products should be avoided in skincare and cleaning. The labels of the purchased care and cleaning products should be checked, as the phrases such as "water-based, noncomedogenic or non-acnegenic" show that they are safe in this regard.
  •  Making hard movements on the skin, rubbing, and irritating also triggers the formation of acne. To prevent this, expectant mothers should not rub or irritate their faces with materials such as towels or washcloths. This can cause skin irritation and increase acne breakouts. In this context, while washing the face, only the hands should be used softly and dry slowly with a soft towel.
  • In order to maintain the general health of the skin, it should be moisturized regularly every day. However, it is necessary to pay attention to the fact that moisturizers used during pregnancy are oil-free or low-oily depending on the skin type.
  • 10 Tips to Take Care of Yourself During Pregnancy

How to treat acne during pregnancy?

How to treat acne during pregnancy

It is important to try to tolerate skin problems during pregnancy without medication. But of course, this only applies to over-the-counter products. During pregnancy, the drugs recommended and prescribed by the doctor should be used without interruption. Never use any medication without consulting a doctor.

So, are acne creams and medications used during pregnancy? Among the drugs used externally for advanced inflamed acne on the skin, there are also antibiotic-containing creams that pregnant women can safely use. Those who suffer from this problem do not have trouble as long as they take the drugs recommended by the doctor. Because the doctor has information about which of the substances contained in the drug will be harmful during pregnancy or not.

You may wonder if acne creams used during pregnancy will harm the baby. Experts usually recommend getting through the pregnancy period with the least amount of medication. Because there are data that many drugs can harm the baby and slow down its development. In this context, it is useful to try to overcome the acne problem during pregnancy with the most natural precautions and applications possible.

However, acne medications prescribed by the dermatologist do not harm the baby. Because most drugs that can be used safely during pregnancy can negatively affect the fetus in the womb and cause congenital disabilities.

How to get rid of acne scars during pregnancy?

Spot treatment is not much different from acne. In addition to the above methods, it is necessary not to go to cosmetic applications too much for the removal of stains and to wait until after birth.

However, the advice of a dermatologist, who is visited at regular intervals during pregnancy, in accordance with the characteristics and structure of the skin, prevents both acne breakouts and the resulting staining.

Is acne on the face during pregnancy a sign of gender?

The increase in acne and acne complaints during this period is interpreted as a baby boy. Although pregnancy symptoms are associated with acne, this belief has no scientific basis.

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